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Many differ from this definition, and maintain that homiletics as a science is distinct from rhetoric.Of this we shall be better able to judge after considering the origin and history of homiletics; and the question will be noticed towards the end of this article.
Of the latter it was said that his mouth had the tongue of Felix ( Thomassin, ibid., c. Priests, indeed, were forbidden to preach in Alexandria ; but that was on account of the Arian heresy.It cannot be said that His preaching took any definite, rounded form, in the sense of a modern sermon ; His aim was to sow the seed of the word, which He scattered broadcast, like the sower in the parable.His commission to His Apostles included both kinds.( Sozomen wrote about the time of Pope Xystus III ) Thomassin's explanation (Vetus et Nova Eccl.Disciplina, II, lxxxii, 503) of Sozomen's statement is that there was no preaching in the sense of an elaborate or finished discourse before the time of Pope Leo -- with the exception, perhaps, of the address on virginity by Pope Liberius to Marcellina, sister of St.For the former or missionary preaching, see Matt., xxviii, 19; Mark, xvi, 15; iii, 14; Luke, ix, 2. Paul'ssermon referred to in Acts, xx, 7-11, is an example of the second kind of preaching.
In this the Apostles were supported by assistants who were elected and consecrated for a purpose, for example, Timothy and Titus; as also by those who had been favoured with charismata.
Then for the first time, if, perhaps, we except St.
Cyprian, the art of oratory was applied to preaching, especially by St.
His preaching included two forms of sermon, the missionary and the ministerial (to which correspond the magisterium and the ministerium of the Church ), the former to unbelievers, the latter to those already in the Faith.
Of the latter we have a striking example in the discourse after the Last Supper, John, xiv-xvi.
Even during the time of the prohibition in Alexandria, priests, as we know from Socrates and Sozomen, interpreted the Scriptures publicly in Cæsarea, in Cappadocia, and in Cyprus, candles being lighted the while -- accensis lucernis .